Plazos de pago y planes de cuotas

Payment Terms specify all the conditions under which a sale is paid, mostly to ensure customers pay their invoices correctly and on time.

Payment Terms can be applied to sales orders, customer invoices, supplier bills, and contacts. These conditions cover:

  • La fecha de vencimiento

  • Algunos descuentos

  • Cualquier otra condición de pago

Defining Payment Terms automatically calculates the payments” due dates. This is particularly helpful for managing installment plans.

Un plan de cuotas permite a los clientes pagar una factura en partes con los importes y fechas definidas previamente por el proveedor.

Ejemplos de plazos de pago:

  • Pago inmediato
    El pago completo vence a la fecha de expedición de la factura.
  • 15 Days (or Net 15)
    The full payment is due 15 days after the invoice date.
  • 21 MFI
    The full payment is due by the 21st of the month following the invoice date.
  • 2% 10, Net 30 EOM
    2% cash discount if the payment is received within ten days. Otherwise, the full payment is due at the end of the month following the invoice date.

Nota

Payment terms are not to be confused with down payment invoices. If, for a specific order, you issue several invoices to your customer, that is neither a payment term nor an installment plan, but an invoicing policy.

Nota

This document is about the Payment Terms feature, not Terms & Conditions.

Configuración

Go to Accounting ‣ Configuration ‣ Payment Terms and click on Create.

The Description on the Invoice is the text displayed on the document (sale order, invoice, etc.).

In the Terms section, you can add a set of rules, called terms, to define what needs to be paid and by which due date.

To add a term, click on Add a line, and define its Type, Value, and Due Date Computation.

Importante

  • Los plazos de calculan en el orden en que se han configurado.

  • Siempre se debe usar saldo para la última línea.

In the following example, 30% is due on the day of issuance, and the balance is due at the end of the following month.

Example of Payment Terms. The last line is the balance due on the 31st of the following month.

Usar Términos de Pago

Payment Terms can be defined in the Due Date field, with the Terms drop-down list, on:

  • Presupuestos
    To set specific payment terms automatically on all invoices generated from a quotation.
  • Facturas de cliente
    To set specific payment terms on an invoice.
  • Facturas de proveedor
    To set specific payment terms on a bill. This is mostly useful when you need to manage vendor terms with several installments. Otherwise, setting the Due Date is enough.

Truco

You can also define a Due Date manually. If Payment Terms are already defined, empty the field so you can select a date.

Payment Terms can be defined with the Payment Terms field on:

  • Contactos
    To set specific payment terms automatically on new sales orders, invoices, and bills of a contact. This can be modified in the contact’s Form View, under the Sales & Purchase tab.

Asientos contables

Invoices with specific Payment Terms generate different Journal Entries, with one Journal Item for every computed Due Date.

This makes for easier Follow-ups and Reconciliation since Odoo takes each due date into account, rather than just the balance due date. It also helps to get an accurate Aged Receivable report.

The amount debited on the Account Receivable is split into two Journal Items with distinct Due Dates

In this example, an invoice of $1000 has been issued with the following payment terms: 30% is due on the day of issuance, and the balance is due at the end of the following month.

Cuenta

Fecha vencimiento

Debe

Haber

Cuenta a cobrar

21 Febrero

300

Cuenta a cobrar

31 Marzo

700

Product Sales

1000

Los 1000$ cargados en Cuentas a Cobrar se dividen en 2 apuntes contables diferentes. Ambos tienen su propia fecha de vencimiento.