Actions define the behavior of the system in response to user actions: login, action button, selection of an invoice, …

Actions can be stored in the database or returned directly as dictionaries in e.g. button methods. All actions share two mandatory attributes:


the category of the current action, determines which fields may be used and how the action is interpreted


short user-readable description of the action, may be displayed in the client’s interface

A client can get actions in 4 forms:

  • False

    if any action dialog is currently open, close it

  • A string

    if a client action matches, interpret as a client action’s tag, otherwise treat as a number

  • A number

    read the corresponding action record from the database, may be a database identifier or an external id

  • A dictionary

    treat as a client action descriptor and execute


Aside from their two mandatory attributes, all actions also share optional attributes used to present an action in an arbitrary model’s contextual menu:


specifies which model the action is bound to


For Server Actions, use model_id.


specifies the type of binding, which is mostly which contextual menu the action will appear under

action (default)

Specifies that the action will appear in the Action contextual menu of the bound model.


Specifies that the action will appear in the Print contextual menu of the bound model.


a comma-separated list of view types for which the action appears in the contextual menu, mostly «list» and / or «form». Defaults to list,form (both list and form )

Window Actions (ir.actions.act_window)

The most common action type, used to present visualisations of a model through views: a window action defines a set of view types (and possibly specific views) for a model (and possibly specific record of the model).

Its fields are:


model to present views for


a list of (view_id, view_type) pairs. The second element of each pair is the category of the view (tree, form, graph, …) and the first is an optional database id (or False). If no id is provided, the client should fetch the default view of the specified type for the requested model (this is automatically done by fields_view_get()). The first type of the list is the default view type and will be open by default when the action is executed. Each view type should be present at most once in the list

res_id (optional)

if the default view is form, specifies the record to load (otherwise a new record should be created)

search_view_id (optional)

(id, name) pair, id is the database identifier of a specific search view to load for the action. Defaults to fetching the default search view for the model

target (optional)

whether the views should be open in the main content area (current), in full screen mode (fullscreen) or in a dialog/popup (new). Use main instead of current to clear the breadcrumbs. Defaults to current.

context (optional)

additional context data to pass to the views

domain (optional)

filtering domain to implicitly add to all view search queries

limit (optional)

number of records to display in lists by default. Defaults to 80 in the web client

For instance, to open customers (partner with the customer flag set) with list and form views:

    "type": "ir.actions.act_window",
    "res_model": "res.partner",
    "views": [[False, "tree"], [False, "form"]],
    "domain": [["customer", "=", true]],

Or to open the form view of a specific product (obtained separately) in a new dialog:

    "type": "ir.actions.act_window",
    "res_model": "product.product",
    "views": [[False, "form"]],
    "res_id": a_product_id,
    "target": "new",

In-database window actions have a few different fields which should be ignored by clients, mostly to use in composing the views list:

view_mode (default= tree,form )

comma-separated list of view types as a string (/!\ No spaces /!\). All of these types will be present in the generated views list (with at least a False view_id)


M2M1 to view objects, defines the initial content of views


Act_window views can also be defined cleanly through ir.actions.act_window.view.

If you plan to allow multiple views for your model, prefer using ir.actions.act_window.view instead of the action view_ids

<record model="ir.actions.act_window.view" id="test_action_tree">
   <field name="sequence" eval="1"/>
   <field name="view_mode">tree</field>
   <field name="view_id" ref="view_test_tree"/>
   <field name="act_window_id" ref="test_action"/>

specific view added to the views list in case its type is part of the view_mode list and not already filled by one of the views in view_ids

These are mostly used when defining actions from Data Files:

<record model="ir.actions.act_window" id="test_action">
    <field name="name">A Test Action</field>
    <field name="res_model">some.model</field>
    <field name="view_mode">graph</field>
    <field name="view_id" ref="my_specific_view"/>

will use the «my_specific_view» view even if that’s not the default view for the model.

The server-side composition of the views sequence is the following:

  • get each (id, type) from view_ids (ordered by sequence)

  • if view_id is defined and its type isn’t already filled, append its (id, type)

  • for each unfilled type in view_mode, append (False, type)


technically not an M2M: adds a sequence field and may be composed of just a view type, without a view id.

URL Actions (ir.actions.act_url)

Allow opening a URL (website/web page) via an Odoo action. Can be customized via two fields:


the address to open when activating the action


opens the address in a new window/page if new, replaces the current content with the page if self. Defaults to new

    "type": "ir.actions.act_url",
    "url": "",
    "target": "self",

will replace the current content section by the Odoo home page.

Server Actions (ir.actions.server)

class odoo.addons.base.models.ir_actions.IrActionsServer[fuente]

Server actions model. Server action work on a base model and offer various type of actions that can be executed automatically, for example using base action rules, of manually, by adding the action in the “More” contextual menu.

Since Odoo 8.0 a button “Create Menu Action” button is available on the action form view. It creates an entry in the More menu of the base model. This allows to create server actions and run them in mass mode easily through the interface.

The available actions are :

  • “Execute Python Code”: a block of python code that will be executed

  • “Create a new Record”: create a new record with new values

  • “Write on a Record”: update the values of a record

  • “Execute several actions”: define an action that triggers several other server actions

Allow triggering complex server code from any valid action location. Only two fields are relevant to clients:


the in-database identifier of the server action to run

context (optional)

context data to use when running the server action

In-database records are significantly richer and can perform a number of specific or generic actions based on their state. Some fields (and corresponding behaviors) are shared between states:


Odoo model linked to the action.


  • code: Executes python code given through the code argument.

  • object_create: Creates a new record of model crud_model_id following fields_lines specifications.

  • object_write: Updates the current record(s) following fields_lines specifications

  • multi: Executes several actions given through the child_ids argument.

State fields

Depending on its state, the behavior is defined through different fields. The concerned state is given after each field.

code (code)

Specify a piece of Python code to execute when the action is called

<record model="ir.actions.server" id="print_instance">
    <field name="name">Res Partner Server Action</field>
    <field name="model_id" ref="model_res_partner"/>
    <field name="state">code</field>
    <field name="code">
        raise Warning(


The code segment can define a variable called action, which will be returned to the client as the next action to execute:

<record model="ir.actions.server" id="print_instance">
    <field name="name">Res Partner Server Action</field>
    <field name="model_id" ref="model_res_partner"/>
    <field name="state">code</field>
    <field name="code">
        if record.some_condition():
            action = {
                "type": "ir.actions.act_window",
                "view_mode": "form",
                "res_model": record._name,

will ask the client to open a form for the record if it fulfills some condition

crud_model_id (create)(required)

model in which to create a new record

link_field_id (create)

many2one to ir.model.fields, specifies the current record’s m2o field on which the newly created record should be set (models should match)

fields_lines (create/write)

fields to override when creating or copying the record. One2many with the fields:


ir.model.fields to set in the concerned model (crud_model_id for creates, model_id for updates)


value for the field, interpreted via type

type (value|reference|equation)

If value, the value field is interpreted as a literal value (possibly converted), if equation the value field is interpreted as a Python expression and evaluated

child_ids (multi)

Specify the multiple sub-actions (ir.actions.server) to enact in state multi. If sub-actions themselves return actions, the last one will be returned to the client as the multi’s own next action

Evaluation context

A number of keys are available in the evaluation context of or surrounding server actions:

  • model model object linked to the action via model_id

  • record/records record/recorset on which the action is triggered, can be void.

  • env Odoo Environment

  • datetime, dateutil, time, timezone corresponding Python modules

  • log: log(message, level='info') logging function to record debug information in ir.logging table

  • Warning constructor for the Warning exception

Report Actions (

Triggers the printing of a report.

If you define your report through a <record> instead of a <report> tag and want the action to show up in the Print menu of the model’s views, you will also need to specify binding_model_id from Bindings. It’s not necessary to set binding_type to report, since will implicitly default to that.

name (mandatory)

used as the file name if print_report_name is not specified. Otherwise, only useful as a mnemonic/description of the report when looking for one in a list of some sort

model (mandatory)

the model your report will be about

report_type (default=qweb-pdf)

either qweb-pdf for PDF reports or qweb-html for HTML

report_name (mandatory)

the name (external id) of the qweb template used to render the report


python expression defining the name of the report.


Many2many field to the groups allowed to view/use the current report


if set to True, the action will not be displayed on a form view.


Many2one field to the paper format you wish to use for this report (if not specified, the company format will be used)


if set to True, the report is only generated once the first time it is requested, and re-printed from the stored report afterwards instead of being re-generated every time.

Can be used for reports which must only be generated once (e.g. for legal reasons)


python expression that defines the name of the report; the record is accessible as the variable object

Client Actions (ir.actions.client)

Triggers an action implemented entirely in the client.


the client-side identifier of the action, an arbitrary string which the client should know how to react to

params (optional)

a Python dictionary of additional data to send to the client, alongside the client action tag

target (optional)

whether the client action should be open in the main content area (current), in full screen mode (fullscreen) or in a dialog/popup (new). Use main instead of current to clear the breadcrumbs. Defaults to current.

    "type": "ir.actions.client",
    "tag": "pos.ui"

tells the client to start the Point of Sale interface, the server has no idea how the POS interface works.

Automated Actions (ir.cron)

Actions triggered automatically on a predefined frequency.


Name of the automated action (Mainly used in log display)


Number of interval_type uom between two executions of the action


Unit of measure of frequency interval (minutes, hours, days, weeks, months,


Number of times this action has to be run. If the action is expected to run indefinitely, set to -1.


Boolean precising whether the missed actions have to be executed in case of server restarts.


Model on which this action will be called


Code content of the action. Can be a simple call to the model’s method :


Next planned execution date of this action (date/time format)