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What's the context?

on 2/19/13, 5:31 AM 24,854 views

Several questions about context in OpenERP:

  1. What is it ?
  2. How to define it and what is active_id regarding context ?
  3. What does context.get('Active_id',False/True) stand for ?
This question has been included in the official documentation.

Andreas Brueckl

--Andreas Brueckl--
Andreas Brueckl
| 7 8 7
Vienna, Austria
--Andreas Brueckl--
OpenERP Consulting and Development
Andreas Brueckl
On 2/19/13, 7:06 AM

The context is a python dictionary and is used to pass certain data to a method. Since nearly all methods have a context parameter you can use the context to pass data through several levels of python methods. For example you can set a context value in a XML-view and process it in the write() method of the osv object.


returns the value of the key 'active_id'. If the key is not in the context, then it returns the value 'False'.

The value in 'active_id' is passed from the web client and contains the ID of the current selected record.

Here is an example how the context is used in the Sale module. File sale_view.xml:

        <record id="view_order_form" model="ir.ui.view">
            <field name="name">sale.order.form</field>
            <field name="model">sale.order</field>
            <field name="arch" type="xml">
                <form string="Sales Order" version="7.0">
                        <button name="invoice_recreate" states="invoice_except" string="Recreate Invoice" groups="base.group_user"/>
                        <button name="invoice_corrected" states="invoice_except" string="Ignore Exception" groups="base.group_user"/>
                        <button name="action_quotation_send" string="Send by Email" type="object" states="draft" class="oe_highlight" groups="base.group_user"/>

You can see that the button third button (Send by Email) calls method action_quotation_send in sale.py.

Here is the relevant code in sale.py:

def action_quotation_send(self, cr, uid, ids, context=None):
        'default_model': 'sale.order',
        'default_res_id': ids[0],
        'default_use_template': bool(template_id),
        'default_template_id': template_id,
        'default_composition_mode': 'comment',
        'mark_so_as_sent': True
    return {
        'type': 'ir.actions.act_window',
        'view_type': 'form',
        'view_mode': 'form',
        'res_model': 'mail.compose.message',
        'views': [(compose_form_id, 'form')],
        'view_id': compose_form_id,
        'target': 'new',
        'context': ctx,

The context is updated with the flag mark_so_as_sent set to True. Afterwards the send-mail window (mail.compose.message) is opened and the modified context is passed.

Then the send_mail() method is overwritten. If the flag mark_so_as_sent has been set in the context, then the new functionality is called. This ensures that the current behavior of send_mail() is not affected. But when the wizard is opened from the Sale Order, the new functionality will be executed.

Also in sale.py:

class mail_compose_message(osv.Model):
    _inherit = 'mail.compose.message'

    def send_mail(self, cr, uid, ids, context=None):
        context = context or {}
        if context.get('default_model') == 'sale.order' and context.get('default_res_id') and context.get('mark_so_as_sent'):
            context = dict(context, mail_post_autofollow=True)
            wf_service = netsvc.LocalService("workflow")
            wf_service.trg_validate(uid, 'sale.order', context['default_res_id'], 'quotation_sent', cr)
        return super(mail_compose_message, self).send_mail(cr, uid, ids, context=context)

Can you give some additional details and samples ?

Altınkaya Elektronik Cihaz Kutuları imalat Ticaret ltd sti, Ahmet Altinisik
on 2/19/13, 4:32 PM

I have updated my answer with an example how the context is used in the Sales module

Andreas Brueckl
on 2/20/13, 3:58 AM

why is the context parameter send as "context=context" and not just ''context''?

on 9/20/13, 12:13 PM

In this example this would make no difference. But sometimes there are more parameters between "ids" and "context" and then this is required.

Andreas Brueckl
on 9/20/13, 12:17 PM
This question has been included in the official documentation.


| 5 4 7
Bikaner, India

OpenERP Devloper at SunARC Technology

On 2/26/13, 3:46 AM

The context is used to pass certain data to a method in the python code.


def get_product_available(self, cr, uid, ids, context=None):
        if context.get('shop', False):
        if context.get('warehouse', False):
        if context.get('location', False):

        return res


def _default_location_source(self, cr, uid, context=None):
        if context.get('move_line', []):
        elif context.get('address_in_id', False):
        return location_id

In my doubt is How to find set a context value in a XML-view for a particular python code?

In the below python xml code:-


context="{'location':location_id, 'uom':product_uom, 'to_date':parent.date}"


<field name="location_id" widget="selection" context="{'location': self}"/>
<field name="warehouse_id" widget="selection" context="{'warehouse': self}"/>

In the stock_view and product_view xml file context set "location" and "warehouse" only found.

How to find the xml file where context set value for the "shop", "move_line", "address_in_id"?

In the above example Context can set only same module xml file or can set any other module xml file?

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Asked: 2/19/13, 5:31 AM
Seen: 24854 times
Last updated: 9/2/15, 11:38 AM