Installing Odoo

There are multiple ways to install Odoo, or not install it at all, depending on the intended use case.

This documents attempts to describe most of the installation options.

Online

The easiest way to use Odoo in production or to try it.

Packaged installers

Suitable for testing Odoo, developing modules and can be used for long-term production use with additional deployment and maintenance work.

Source install

Provides greater flexibility: e.g. allow multiple running Odoo versions on the same system. Good for developing modules, can be used as base for production deployment.

Docker

If you usually use docker for development or deployment, an official docker base image is available.

Editions

There are two different Editions of Odoo: the Community and Enterprise versions. Using the Enterprise version is possible on our SaaS and accessing the code is restricted to Enterprise customers and partners. The Community version is freely available to anyone.

If you already use the Community version and wish to upgrade to Enterprise, please refer to Upgrade Community to Enterprise (except for Source install).

Online

Demo

To simply get a quick idea of Odoo, demo instances are available. They are shared instances which only live for a few hours, and can be used to browse around and try things out with no commitment.

Demo instances require no local installation, just a web browser.

SaaS

Trivial to start with, fully managed and migrated by Odoo S.A., Odoo’s SaaS provides private instances and starts out free. It can be used to discover and test Odoo and do non-code customizations (i.e. incompatible with custom modules or the Odoo Apps Store) without having to install it locally.

Can be used for both testing Odoo and long-term production use.

Like demo instances, SaaS instances require no local installation, a web browser is sufficient.

Packaged installers

Odoo provides packaged installers for Windows, deb-based distributions (Debian, Ubuntu, …) and RPM-based distributions (Fedora, CentOS, RHEL, …) for both the Community and Enterprise versions.

These packages automatically set up all dependencies (for the Community version), but may be difficult to keep up-to-date.

Official Community packages with all relevant dependency requirements are available on our nightly server. Both Community and Enterprise packages can be downloaded from our download page (you must to be logged in as a paying customer or partner to download the Enterprise packages).

Windows

  1. Download the installer from our nightly server (Community only) or the Windows installer from the download page (any edition).

  2. Execute the downloaded file.

    Warning

    On Windows 8 and later you may see a warning titled “Windows protected your PC”.
    Click on More Info and then on Run anyway.
  3. Accept the UAC prompt.

  4. Go through the various installation steps.

Odoo will automatically be started at the end of the installation.

Linux

Prepare

Odoo needs a PostgreSQL server to run properly. The default configuration for the Odoo ‘deb’ package is to use the PostgreSQL server on the same host as your Odoo instance. Execute the following command in order to install the PostgreSQL server:

$ sudo apt install postgresql -y

Warning

wkhtmltopdf is not installed through pip and must be installed manually in version 0.12.5 for it to support headers and footers. See our wiki for more details on the various versions.

Repository

Odoo S.A. provides a repository that can be used with Debian and Ubuntu distributions. It can be used to install Odoo Community Edition by executing the following commands as root:

# wget -O - https://nightly.odoo.com/odoo.key | apt-key add -
# echo "deb http://nightly.odoo.com/15.0/nightly/deb/ ./" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/odoo.list
# apt-get update && apt-get install odoo

You can then use the usual apt-get upgrade command to keep your installation up-to-date.

Note

At this moment, there is no nightly repository for the Enterprise Edition.

Distribution package

Instead of using the repository as described above, the ‘deb’ packages for both the Community and Enterprise editions can be downloaded from the official download page.

Note

Odoo 15.0 ‘deb’ package currently supports Debian 11 (Bullseye), Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal) or above.

Next, execute the following commands as root:

# dpkg -i <path_to_installation_package> # this probably fails with missing dependencies
# apt-get install -f # should install the missing dependencies
# dpkg -i <path_to_installation_package>

This will install Odoo as a service, create the necessary PostgreSQL user and automatically start the server.

Warning

  • The python3-xlwt Debian package does not exists in Debian Buster nor Ubuntu 18.04. This python module is needed to export into xls format.

    If you need the feature, you can install it manually with:

    $ sudo pip3 install xlwt
    
  • The num2words python package does not exists in Debian Buster nor Ubuntu 18.04. Textual amounts will not be rendered by Odoo and this could cause problems with the l10n_mx_edi module.

    If you need this feature, you can install manually with:

    $ sudo pip3 install num2words
    

Source install

The source “installation” is really about not installing Odoo, and running it directly from source instead.

This can be more convenient for module developers as the Odoo source is more easily accessible than using packaged installation (for information or to build this documentation and have it available offline).

It also makes starting and stopping Odoo more flexible and explicit than the services set up by the packaged installations, and allows overriding settings using command-line parameters without needing to edit a configuration file.

Finally it provides greater control over the system’s set up, and allows to more easily keep (and run) multiple versions of Odoo side-by-side.

Fetch the sources

There are two ways to obtain the source code of Odoo: as a zip archive or through git.

Archive

Community Edition:

Enterprise Edition:

Git

The following requires git to be installed on your machine and that you have basic knowledge of git commands.

Community Edition:

C:\> git clone https://github.com/odoo/odoo.git

Enterprise Edition: (see Editions to get access)

C:\> git clone https://github.com/odoo/enterprise.git

Note

The Enterprise git repository does not contain the full Odoo source code. It is only a collection of extra add-ons. The main server code is in the Community version. Running the Enterprise version actually means running the server from the Community version with the addons-path option set to the folder with the Enterprise version. You need to clone both the Community and Enterprise repository to have a working Odoo Enterprise installation.

Prepare

Python

Odoo requires Python 3.7 or later to run. Visit Python’s download page to download and install the latest version of Python 3 on your machine.

During installation, check Add Python 3 to PATH, then click Customize Installation and make sure that pip is checked.

Note

If Python 3 is already installed, make sure that the version is 3.7 or above, as previous versions are not compatible with Odoo.

C:\> python --version

Verify also that pip is installed for this version.

C:\> pip --version

PostgreSQL

Odoo uses PostgreSQL as database management system. Download and install PostgreSQL (supported version: 10.0 and later).

By default, the only user is postgres but Odoo forbids connecting as postgres, so you need to create a new PostgreSQL user:

  1. Add PostgreSQL’s bin directory (by default: C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\<version>\bin) to your PATH.

  2. Create a postgres user with a password using the pg admin gui:

    1. Open pgAdmin.

    2. Double-click the server to create a connection.

    3. Select Object ‣ Create ‣ Login/Group Role.

    4. Enter the username in the Role Name field (e.g. odoo).

    5. Open the Definition tab and enter the password (e.g. odoo), then click Save.

    6. Open the Privileges tab and switch Can login? to Yes and Create database? to Yes.

Dependencies

Before installing the dependencies, you must download and install the Build Tools for Visual Studio. When prompted, select C++ build tools in the Workloads tab and install them.

Odoo dependencies are listed in the requirements.txt file located at the root of the Odoo community directory.

Tip

It can be preferable to not mix python modules packages between different instances of Odoo or with your system. You can use virtualenv to create isolated Python environments.

Navigate to the path of your Odoo Community installation (CommunityPath) and run pip on the requirements file in a terminal with Administrator privileges:

C:\> cd \CommunityPath
C:\> pip install setuptools wheel
C:\> pip install -r requirements.txt

For languages with right-to-left interface (such as Arabic or Hebrew), the package rtlcss is needed:

  1. Download and install nodejs.

  2. Install rtlcss:

    C:\> npm install -g rtlcss
    
  3. Edit the System Environment’s variable PATH to add the folder where rtlcss.cmd is located (typically: C:\Users\<user>\AppData\Roaming\npm\).

Important

wkhtmltopdf is not installed through pip and must be installed manually in version 0.12.5 for it to support headers and footers. See our wiki for more details on the various versions.

Running Odoo

Once all dependencies are set up, Odoo can be launched by running odoo-bin, the command-line interface of the server. It is located at the root of the Odoo Community directory.

To configure the server, you can either specify command-line arguments or a configuration file.

Tip

For the Enterprise edition, you must add the path to the enterprise addons to the addons-path argument. Note that it must come before the other paths in addons-path for addons to be loaded correctly.

Common necessary configurations are:

  • PostgreSQL user and password.

  • Custom addon paths beyond the defaults, to load your own modules.

A typical way to run the server would be:

C:\> cd CommunityPath/
C:\> python odoo-bin -r dbuser -w dbpassword --addons-path=addons -d mydb

Where CommunityPath is the path of the Odoo Community installation, dbuser is the PostgreSQL login, dbpassword is the PostgreSQL password and mydb is the default database to serve on localhost:8069.

Docker

The full documentation on how to use Odoo with Docker can be found on the official Odoo docker image page.