智利

网络研讨会

您可以在下面找到带有本地化的一般说明以及如何配置它的视频。

介绍

The Chilean localization has been improved and extended in Odoo v13. In this version, the next modules are available:

  • l10n_cl: Adds accounting features for the Chilean localization, which represent the minimal configuration required for a company to operate in Chile and under the SII (Servicio de Impuestos Internos) regulations and guidelines.

  • l10n_cl_edi: Includes all technical and functional requirements to generate and receive Electronic Invoice via web service, based on the SII regulations.

  • l10n_cl_reports: Adds the reports Propuesta F29 y Balance Tributario (8 columnas).

配置

Install the Chilean localization modules

For this, go to Apps and search for Chile. Then click Install in the module Chile E-invoicing. This module has a dependency with Chile - Accounting. In case this last one is not installed, Odoo installs it automatically with E-invoicing.

Chilean module to install on Odoo.

注解

When you install a database from scratch selecting Chile as country, Odoo will automatically install the base module: Chile - Accounting.

公司设置

Once the modules are installed, the first step is to set up your company data. Additional to the basic information, you need to add all the data and elements required for Electronic Invoice, the easiest way to configure it is in Accounting ‣ Settings ‣ Chilean Localization.

重要

以下所有配置和功能仅在Odoo中可用,如果您的公司已经通过了SII - Sistema de Facturación de Mercado中的“认证流程<https://www.sii.cl/factura_electronica/ factura_mercado/proceso_certificacion.htm>”_,此认证使您能够从ERP生成电子发票并将其自动发送到SII。如果您的公司尚未通过此认证,请确保您将其传达给您的客户经理,因为为了完成此认证,Odoo之外需要特殊流程。

税科目调整

Fill in the fiscal information for your company according to the SII register, follow the instructions on each section.

Chilean company fiscal data.

Electronic Invoice Data

This is part of the main information required to generate electronic Invoice, select your environment and the legal information, as well as the email address to receive invoices from your vendors and the alias you use to send invoices to your customers.

Chilean edi environment settings.
Configure DTE Incoming email server

In order to receive you the claim and acceptance emails from your customers, it is crucial to define the DTE incoming email server, considering this configuration:

Incoming email server configuration for Chilean DTE.

小技巧

For your Go-live make sure you archive/remove from your inbox all the emails related to vendor bills that are not required to be processed in Odoo.

证书

In order to generate the electronic invoice signature, a digital certificate with the extension .pfx is required, proceed to this section and load your file and password.

Digital certificate access. Digital certificate configuration.

A certificate can be shared between several users. If this is the case leave the user field empty, so all your billing users can use the same one. On the other hand, if you need to restrict the certificate for a particular user, just define the users in the certificate.

注解

在某些情况下,根据证书格式,字段“使用者序列号”可能不会自动加载。如果是这种情况,您可以通过使用证书的法定代表人 RUT 填充此字段来手动编辑此字段。

财务报告

The report Propuesta F29 requires two values that need to be defined as part of the company configuration:

Fiscal reports parameters.

多币种

智利的官方货币汇率由智利服务“mindicador.cl <https://mindicador.cl>”_提供。您可以在货币汇率配置中找到此服务,并且可以为汇率更新设置预定义的间隔。

Currency reate service for Chile.

科目表

The chart of accounts is installed by default as part of the set of data included in the localization module. The accounts are mapped automatically in:

  • Taxes.

  • Default Account Payable.

  • Default Account Receivable.

  • Transfer Accounts.

  • Conversion Rate.

主数据

业务伙伴

Identification Type and VAT

As part of the Chilean localization, the identification types defined by the SII are now available on the Partner form. This information is essential for most transactions.

Chilean identification types for partners.
TaxpayerType

In Chile, the document type associated with customers and vendors transactions is defined based on the Taxpayer Type. This field should be defined in the partner form, when creating a customer is important you make sure this value is set:

Chilean taxpayer types for partners.
Electronic Invoice Data

As part of the information that is sent in the electronic Invoice, you need to define the email that is going to appear as the sender of the electronic invoice to your customer, and the Industry description.

Chilean electronic invoice data for partners.

税率设置

As part of the localization module, the taxes are created automatically with their related financial account and configuration.

Chilean taxes list.
Taxes Types

Chile has several tax types, the most common ones are:

  • VAT. Is the regular VAT and it can have several rates.

  • ILA (Impuesto a la Ley de Alcholes). Taxes for alcoholic drinks. It has a different rate.

税科目调整

Based on the purchase transactions, the VAT can have different affections. This will be done in Odoo using the default purchase fiscal positions.

Document Types

In some Latin American countries, including Chile, some accounting transactions like invoices and vendor bills are classified by document types defined by the government fiscal authorities (In Chile case: SII).

The document type is essential information that needs to be displayed in the printed reports and that needs to be easily identified within the set of invoices as well of account moves.

每个公司的每个文档类型都可以有一个唯一的序列。 作为本地化的一部分,文档类型包括文档适用的国家/地区,并且在安装本地化模块时会自动创建数据。

The information required for the document types is included by default so the user doesn’t need to fill anything on this view:

Chilean fiscal document types list.

注解

There are several document types that are inactive by default but can be activated if needed.

Use on Invoices

The document type on each transaction will be determined by:

  • The Journal related to the Invoice, identifying if the journal uses documents.

  • Condition applied based on the type of Issues and Receiver (ex. Type of fiscal regimen of the buyer and type of fiscal regimen of the vendor).

日记账

用途

销售

Sales Journals in Odoo usually represent a business unit or location, example:

  • Ventas Santiago.

  • Ventas Valparaiso.

For the retail stores is common to have one journal per POS:

  • Cashier 1.

  • Cashier 2.

采购

The transactions purchase can be managed with a single journal, but sometimes companies use more than one in order to handle some accounting transactions that are not related to vendor bills but can be easily registered using this model, for example:

  • Tax Payments to government.

  • Employees payments.

配置

When creating sales journals the next information must be filled in:

Point of sale type: If the Sales journal will be used for electronic documents, the option Online must be selected. Otherwise, if the journal is used for invoices imported from a previous system or if you are using the SII portal “Facturación MiPyme“ you can use the option Manual.

Use Documents: This field is used to define if the journal will use Document Types. It is only applicable to Purchase and Sales journals that can be related to the different sets of document types available in Chile. By default, all the sales journals created will use documents.

Document type configuration on Journal.

重要

对于智利本地化,定义默认的借方和贷方帐户非常重要,因为它们是其中一个借方票据用例所必需的。

CAF

CAF(作品集授权码)是必需的,对于发给客户的每种单据类型,CAF是SII提供给Emisor的文件,其中包含电子发票单据授权的对开页/序列。

您的公司可以对作品集提出多个请求并获取多个 CAF,每个 CAF 都与不同范围的作品集相关联。CAF 在所有日志中共享,这意味着每个文档类型只需要一个活动 CAF,它将应用于所有日志。

Please refer to the SII documentation to check the detail on how to acquire the CAF: SII Timbraje.

重要

SII 要求的 CAF 因生产与测试(认证模式)而异。请确保您具有正确的 CAF 集,具体取决于您的环境。

配置

获得CAF文件后,您需要将它们与Odoo中的文档类型相关联,以便添加CAF,只需按照以下步骤操作:

  1. 访问:菜单选择:“会计 –>设置 –> CAF’

  2. Upload the file.

  3. Save the CAF.

Steps to add a new CAF.

加载后,状态将更改为“使用中”。此时,当交易记录用于此单据类型时,发票编号将采用序列中的第一个作品集。

重要

如果您在以前的系统中使用了某些作品集,请确保在创建第一个事务时设置下一个有效的作品集。

Usage and Testing

Electronic Invoice Workflow

In the Chilean localization the electronic Invoice workflow covers the Emission of Customer Invoices and the reception of Vendor Bills, in the next diagram we explain how the information transmitted to the SII and between the customers and Vendors.

Diagram with Electronic invoice transactions.

Customer invoice Emission

After the partners and journals are created and configured, the invoices are created in the standard way, for Chile one of the differentiators is the document type which is selected automatically based on the Taxpayer.

You can manually change the document type if needed.

Document type selection on invoices.

重要

单据类型 33:电子发票必须至少有一个含税物料,否则 SII 拒绝单据验证。

Validation and DTE Status

When all the invoice information is filled, either manually or automatically when it’s created from a sales order, proceed to validate the invoice. After the invoice is posted:

  • The DTE File (Electronic Tax Document) is created automatically and added in the chatter.

  • The DTE SII status is set as: Pending to be sent.

    DTE XML File displayed in chatter.

The DTE Status is updated automatically by Odoo with a scheduled action that runs every day at night, if you need to get the response from the SII immediately you can do it manually as well. The DTE status workflow is as follows:

Transition of DTE statuses.
  1. In the first step the DTE is sent to the SII, you can manually send it using the button: Enviar Ahora, a SII Tack number is generated and assigned to the invoice, you can use this number to check the details the SII sent back by email. The DTE status is updated to Ask for Status.

  2. Once the SII response is received Odoo updates the DTE Status, in case you want to do it manually just click on the button: Verify on SII. The result can either be Accepted, Accepted With Objection or Rejected.

    Identification transaction for invoice and Status update.

    There are several internal status in the SII before you get Acceptance or Rejection, in case you click continuously the Button Verify in SII, you will receive in the chatter the detail of those intermediate statuses:

    Descprtion of each DTE status in the chatter.
  3. The final response from the SII, can take on of these values:

    Accepted: Indicates the invoice information is correct, our document is now fiscally valid and it’s automatically sent to the customer.

    Accepted with objections: Indicates the invoice information is correct but a minor issue was identified, nevertheless our document is now fiscally valid and it’s automatically sent to the customer.

    Email track once it is sent to the customer.

    Rejected: Indicates the information in the invoice is incorrect and needs to be corrected, the detail of the issue is received in the emails you registered in the SII, if it is properly configured in Odoo, the details are also retrieved in the chatter once the email server is processed.

    If the invoice is Rejected please follow this steps:

    • Change the document to draft.

    • Make the required corrections based on the message received from the SII.

    • Post the invoice again.

    Message when an invoice is rejected.

Crossed references

When the Invoice is created as a result of another fiscal document, the information related to the originator document must be registered in the Tab Cross Reference, which is commonly used for credit or debit notes, but in some cases can be used on Customer Invoices as well. In the case of the credit and debit notes, they are set automatically by Odoo:

Invoice tab with origin document number and data.

Invoice PDF Report

一旦 SII 接受并验证发票并打印了 PDF,它就会包含指示文档在财务上有效的会计元素:

Barcode and fiscal elements in the invoice report.

重要

如果您托管在Odoo SH或本地,则应手动安装“pdf417gen”库。使用以下命令安装它:“pip install pdf417gen”。

Commercial Validation

Once the invoice has been sent to the customer:

  1. DTE partner status changes to “Sent”.

  2. The customer must send a reception confirmation email.

  3. Subsequently, if all the commercial terms and invoice data are correct, they will send the Acceptance confirmation, otherwise they send a Claim.

  4. The field DTE acceptation status is updated automatically.

Message with the commercial acceptance from the customer.

Processed for Claimed invoices

Once the invoice has been Accepted by the SII it can not be cancelled in Odoo. In case you get a Claim for your customer the correct way to proceed is with a Credit Note to either cancel the Invoice or correct it. Please refer to the Credit Notes section for more details.

Invoice Comercial status updated to Claimed.

Common Errors

There are multiple reasons behind a rejection from the SII, but these are some of the common errors you might have and which is the related solution.

  • 错误:’’RECHAZO- DTE Sin Comuna Origen。

    Hint: Make sure the Company Address is properly filled including the State and City.

  • Error en Monto: ‘’- IVA debe declararse.’’

    Hint: The invoice lines should include one VAT tax, make sure you add one on each invoice line.

  • 错误:’’Rut No Autorizado a Firmar。

    Hint: The invoice lines should include one VAT tax, make sure you add one on each invoice line.

  • 错误: ‘’Fecha/Número Resolucion Invalido RECHAZO- CAF Vencido : (Firma_DTE[AAAA-MM-DD] - CAF[AAAA-MM-DD]) &gt; 6 个 meses。’’

    提示: 尝试添加与此文档相关的新 CAF,因为您正在使用的文档已过期。

  • 错误:“元素”{http://www.sii.cl/SiiDte%7DRutReceptor“:此元素不是预期的。预期是 ( {http://www.sii.cl/SiiDte%7DRutEnvia )。’’

    提示: 确保在客户和主公司中设置了“文档类型”和“增值税”字段。

  • GLOSA: ‘’Usuario sin permiso de envio.’’

    提示: 此错误表明,您的公司很可能尚未通过 SII - Sistema de Facturación de Mercado 中的“认证流程<https://www.sii.cl/factura_electronica/factura_mercado/proceso_certificacion.htm>”。如果是这种情况,请联系您的客户经理或客户支持,因为此认证不是Odoo服务的一部分,但我们可以为您提供一些替代方案。

退款

当需要对已验证的发票进行取消或更正时,必须生成贷方通知单。重要的是要考虑到信用票据需要CAF文件,该信用票据在SII中被标识为文档64。

Creation of CAF for Credit notes.

小技巧

请参阅 CAF 部分,其中我们描述了在每种文档类型上加载 CAF 的过程。

案例

Cancel Referenced document

In case you need to cancel or invalid an Invoice, use the button Add Credit note and select Full Refund, in this case the SII reference Code is automatically set to: Anula Documento de referencia.

Full invoice refund with SII reference code 1.
Corrects Referenced Document Text

If a correction in the invoice information is required, for example the Street Name, use the button Add Credit note,select Partial Refund and select the option “Solo corregir Texto”. In this case the SII reference Code is automatically set to: Corrige el monto del Documento de Referencia.

Partial refund to correct text including the corrected value.

Odoo creates a Credit Note with the corrected text in an invoice and price 0.

Credit note with the corrected value on the invoice lines.

重要

It’s important to define the default credit account in the Sales journal as it is taken for this use case in specific.

Corrects Referenced Document Amount

When a correction on the amounts is required, use the button Add Credit note and select Partial Refund. In this case the SII reference Code is automatically set to: Corrige el monto del Documento de Referencia.

Credit note for partial refund to correct amounts, using the SII reference code 3.

借方备注

As part of the Chilean localization, besides creating credit notes from an existing document you can also create debit Notes. For this just use the button “Add Debit Note”. The two main use cases for debit notes are detailed below.

案例

Add debt on Invoices

The most common use case for debit notes is to increase the value of an existing invoice, you need to select option 3 in the field Reference code SII:

Debit note for partial refund to crrect amounts, using the SII reference code 3.

In this case Odoo automatically includes the source invoice in the cross reference section:

Invoice data on crossed reference section for debit notes.
Cancel Credit Notes

In Chile the debits notes are used to cancel a validated Credit Note, in this case just select the button Add debit note and select the first option in the wizard: 1: Anula Documentos de referencia.

Creating a debit note to cancel a credit note with the SII code reference 1.

供应商账单

As part of the Chilean localization, you can configure your Incoming email server as the same you have register in the SII in order to:

  • Automatically receive the vendor bills DTE and create the vendor bill based on this information.

  • Automatically Send the reception acknowledgement to your vendor.

  • Accept or Claim the document and send this status to your vendor.

接收

As soon as the vendor email with the attached DTE is received: 1. The vendor Bill mapping all the information included in the xml. 2. An email is sent to the vendor with the Reception acknowledgement. 3. The DTE status is set as: Acuse de Recibido Enviado

Messages recorded in the chatter with the reception notification for the vendor.

Acceptation

If all the commercial information is correct on your vendor bill, you can accept the document using the button: Aceptar Documento, once this is done the DTE Acceptation Status changes to: Accepted and an email of acceptance is sent to the vendor.

Acceptance button in vendor bills to inform the vendor all the document is comercially accepted.

Claim

In case there is a commercial issue or the information is not correct on your vendor bill, you can Claim the document before validating it, using the button: Claim, once this is done the DTE Acceptation Status change to: Claim and an email of acceptance is sent to the vendor.

Claim button in vendor bills to inform the vendor all the document is comercially rejected.

If you claim a vendor bill, the status changes from draft to cancel automatically. Considering this as best practice, all the Claim documents should be canceled as they won’t be valid for your accounting records.

财务报告

Balance Tributario de 8 Columnas

This report presents the accounts in detail (with their respective balances), classifying them according to their origin and determining the level of profit or loss that the business had within the evaluated period of time, so that a real and complete knowledge of the status of a company.

You can find this report in Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Reports

Columns and data displayed in the report Balance Tributario 8 Columnas.

Propuesta F29

The form F29 is a new system that the SII enabled to taxpayers, and that replaces the Purchase and Sales Books. This report is integrated by Purchase Register (CR) and the Sales Register (RV). Its purpose is to support the transactions related to VAT, improving its control and declaration.

This record is supplied by the electronic tax documents (DTE’s) that have been received by the SII.

You can find this report in Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Reports

Parameters to required to generate the Report Propuesta F29