Chapter 3: A New Application

The purpose of this chapter is to lay the foundation for the creation of a completely new Odoo module. We will start from scratch with the minimum needed to have our module recognized by Odoo. In the upcoming chapters, we will progressively add features to build a realistic business case.

The Real Estate Advertisement module

Our new module will cover a business area which is very specific and therefore not included in the standard set of modules: real estate. It is worth noting that before developing a new module, it is good practice to verify that Odoo doesn’t already provide a way to answer the specific business case.

Here is an overview of the main list view containing some advertisements:

List view 01

The top area of the form view summarizes important information for the property, such as the name, the property type, the postcode and so on. The first tab contains information describing the property: bedrooms, living area, garage, garden…

Form view 01

The second tab lists the offers for the property. We can see here that potential buyers can make offers above or below the expected selling price. It is up to the seller to accept an offer.

Form view 02

Here is a quick video showing the workflow of the module.

Hopefully, this video will be recorded soon :-)

Prepare the addon directory

Reference: the documentation related to this topic can be found in manifest.

Note

Goal: the goal of this section is to have Odoo recognize our new module, which will be an empty shell for now. It will be listed in the Apps:

The new module appears in the list

The first step of module creation is to create a new directory. To ease the development, we suggest you first create the directory /home/$USER/src/custom. In this directory we add another directory estate, which is our module.

A module must contain at least 2 files: the __manifest__.py file and a __init__.py file. The __init__.py file can remain empty for now and we’ll come back to it in the next chapter. On the other hand, the __manifest__.py file must describe our module and cannot remain empty. Its only required field is the name, but it usually contains much more information.

Take a look at the CRM file as an example. In addition to providing the description of the module (name, category, summary, website…), it lists its dependencies (depends). A dependency means that the Odoo framework will ensure that these modules are installed before our module is installed. Moreover, if one of these dependencies is uninstalled, then our module and any other that depends on it will also be uninstalled. Think about your favorite Linux distribution package manager (apt, dnf, pacman…): Odoo works in the same way.

Exercise

Create the required addon files.

Create the following folders and files:

  • /home/$USER/src/custom/estate/__init__.py

  • /home/$USER/src/custom/estate/__manifest__.py

The __manifest__.py file should only define the name and the dependencies of our modules. Two framework modules are necessary: base and web.

Restart the Odoo server and add the custom folder to the addons-path:

$ ./odoo-bin --addons-path=../custom,../enterprise/,addons

Go to Apps, click on Update Apps List, search for estate and… tadaaa, your module appears! Did it not appear? Maybe try removing the default ‘Apps’ filter ;-)

Exercise

Make your module an ‘App’.

Add the appropriate key to your __manifest__.py so that the module appears when the ‘Apps’ filter is on.

You can even install the module! But obviously it’s an empty shell, so no menu will appear.

All good? If yes, then let’s create our first model!