Saudi Ministry of Justice Department of the General Administration of Media and Institutional Communication
Since its inception, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia at the hands of King Abdulaziz - may God rest his soul - has paid great attention to what preserves the rights of people, and has made many efforts and capabilities in order to establish the principle of justice among litigants, and has established many courts that rule in accordance with the provisions of the tolerant Islamic Sharia in all specializations. ; Civil, criminal, commercial, and personal status, and provided all judicial guarantees to litigants of all degrees, and the distribution of courts throughout the Kingdom was taken into consideration; So that everyone can access the judiciary without hardship or trouble.
King Abdulaziz - may God have mercy on him - laid down the first building block in establishing the judiciary in accordance with the provisions of Islamic law. After the unification of the Kingdom, a single presidency of judges was established in the western region of Makkah Al-Mukarramah on 7/24/1344 AH (corresponding to 2/7/1926 AD). To supervise the judiciary of the Hijaz courts and what follows it, and as for Najd and its annexes, individual judges shall spend in it in the ummies of the cities, in each city a judge examines all cases and general events that occur in his city and its surrounding villages, and on the date of 2/21/1346 AH (corresponding to 20/8) / 1927 AD) a generous royal decree was issued to establish courts in the Hijaz in three levels:
1- Urgent Matters Courts (Partial Courts)
2- Major courts and annex courts, which are both general courts.
3- The Judicial Control Authority (Court of Cassation and Conclusion). The decree guarantees the jurisdiction of these courts.